Name of Ethnic Group: Ta Oi (Toi
Oi, Pa Co, Ba Hy, and Ba Ghy).
Population: Over 26,000
Locality: A Luoi District
of Thua Thien-Hue Province and Huong Hoa District of Quang Tri Province.
Customs and Habits: The communal
house of the Ta Oi is called the Rong. It is built at the centre
of the village and is a fairly elongated house. The children take the
family name of the father and only sons have the right to inherit the
family estate. The head of a lineage plays an important role in village
affairs. Young Ta Oi men and women are free to choose their partners.
They believe in animism and organize many ceremonies for Giang.
Several years after the burial of a deceased person, the dead's lineage
organizes a ceremony to exhume the dead's remains and build a funeral
house with sophisticated decoration and statues around the fence of
the funeral house.
Culture: The Ta Oi
language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group and is close to the Bru-Van
Kieu and Co Tu languages. The Ta Oi have managed to preserve many of
their proverbs, folk songs, puzzles, and stories. Popular folk songs
include Ka-loi, Ba-boih, Ro-in, and especially the romantic Cha Chap
song. Gongs, string zithers, flutes, trumpets, drums, and pan-pipes
are popular musical instruments of the Ta Oi.
Costumes: Women wear
shirts and skirts, but the skirt is usually knotted up to cover their
chests. Men wear loincloths and short vests, or leave their upper torsos
naked. Ornaments made from copper, silver, glass beads, and ivory are
Economy: The Ta Oi
practice a slash-and-burn method of cultivation and grow wet rice through
this process. They are also good at horticulture and fish rearing in
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