of Ethnic Group:
Population: More than 50,000 people.
Locality: The Xtieng live in four northern districts
of Song Be Province and in Dong Nai and Tay Ninh Provinces.
Customs and Habits: The Xtieng live a sedentary lifestyle.
Each family builds its own house. Each village is led by an elderly
man who must be experienced in the affairs of the community, dynamic,
and trusted by the villagers. The Xtieng can marry outside their lineage.
After the wedding, the bride comes to live in her husband's house. The
Xtieng believe in animism and the mystical powers of thunder, lightning
bolts, the heavens, and the earth. The Xtieng calculate their age according
to the number of harvests that they have gathered.
Culture: The Xtieng language belongs to the
Mon-Khmer Group. The Xtieng enjoy music and popular musical instruments,
such as the six-patterned gong set. These gongs are made of bamboo
Costumes: Xtieng women wear skirts and the men wear loincloths.
In winter, they cover themselves in blankets. The women wear their hair
long and tie it in a bun at the back of their heads. They usually wear
ivory earrings pierced into their earlobes, or tattoo their faces and
body with simple motifs.
Economy: The Xtieng
cultivate rice in submerged fields and have used oxen and buffaloes
as draught animals for a long time.