Name of Ethnic Group: Xinh Mun,
Puoc, and Pua
Population: More than
Locality: Son La and
Lai Chau Provinces and along the Vietnamese-Lao border regions.
Customs and Habits: Xinh Mun
houses are built on stilts, have vaulted roofs shaped like a tortoise
shell and stairways at both ends of the house. The children take the
family name of the father. After the death of the father, the eldest
brother is elevated to an important position.
According to marriage customs, the family of the groom must give
money to the bride's family. After the proposal, engagement, and wedding,
the husband goes and lives with his wife's family. A few years later,
when the married couple has a few children, the wife is then welcomed
to her husband's house. The couple must change their name and take another
name given by the mother-in-law's younger brother. It is the habit of
the Xinh Mun to chew betel nut, dye their teeth black, and drink alcohol.
During the production of rice, people hold many ceremonies and
maintain many taboos. The villagers annually organize a ceremony to
honour the spirit of the village.
Mun language belongs to the Mon-Khmer Group.
Costumes: They wear
garments that resemble the Thai and Lao.
Economy: The Xinh
Mun grow glutinous rice and corn on burned land and terraced fields.
They also gather, rear animals, hunt, make basketry articles, and have
developed a system of bartering goods.