Name of Ethnic Group: Kinh (Viet).
Population: About 65 million
Locality: These people
live in all provinces but are densely clustered in the delta areas and
Customs and Habits: The Kinh villages
are usually surrounded by bamboo groves. The communal house is a place
for meeting and conducting common ritual ceremonies. The Kinh also live
in mud houses. They enjoy the habits of chewing betel, smoking water
pipes and cigarettes, drinking tea, and eating ordinary rice.
The husband is considered the head of the family. Children take the
family name of their father. The eldest son is responsible for the worship
of dead parents and grandparents. Each family lineage has a temple for
their forefathers and the head of the family lineage handles all common
Monogamy is observed during marriage. The family of the man approves
the marriage and organizes the wedding for him. After the wedding party,
the bride goes to live with her husband's family. The Kinh attach much
importance to fidelity and the virtues of the bride.
They worship their ancestors and also practice Buddhism, Confucianism,
Taoism or Christianity to various extents.
Culture: The Kinh have
a rich collection of literature which includes old tales, folk ballads,
and proverbs. The written literature takes many forms such as poems,
writings, books, and edicts. Song, music, sculpture, painting, dance
and performance are also well developed and and popular.
attire of the Kinh in the north is a brown pajama set for men. A four
paneled robe, bra, and trousers for women, also in brown, are usually
worn. In the southern delta plains, both men and women wear black pajamas.
At present, the Kinh's costumes resemble western clothing.
Economy: Rice cultivation
in submerged fields is the main economic activity of the Kinh. They
also erect dykes and dig canals which helps in the growing of wet rice,
gardening, and sericulture. They also raise cattle and poultry. Pottery
production has been very developed for a long time.