Name of Ethnic Group: Thai (Tay,
Tay Dam, Tay Khao, Tay Muoi, Tay Thanh, Hang Tong, and Pu Thay).
Population: More than
Locality: Lai Chau,
Son La, Hoa Binh, and Nghe An Provinces.
Customs and Habits: The Thai
worship their ancestors, the heavens, the earth, ban, and "muong".
They also hold rituals to pray for good crops.The Thai live in houses
built on stilts. Among the Black Thai, they prefer roofs that are shaped
like a tortoise carapace with decorations called "khau cuts"
at each ridge. A Thai man first lives with his wife's family for several
years until the couple has a child; they then move to the house of the
husband's family. The Thai organize funerals as a farewell party to
see off the dead to the other world.
Culture: The Thai language belongs
to the Tay-Thai Group. They have a valuable legacy of myths, legends,
ancient tales, versed stories, and folksongs. They like to sing and
recite the "khap" along with the accompaniment of string
instruments and a dance performance. Their folk dances such as "Xoe",
"Sap", "Han Khuong", and "Con" are reflection
of the Thai's unique cultural characteristics.
Costumes: The men
have adopted the Kinh's clothing style, while Thai women have retained
their traditional clothes which includes short vests, long black skirts,
scarves, and ornaments.
Economy: The Thai are experienced
in cultivating rice and orchards. They also breed cattle and poultry,
make bamboo articles, weave cloth, and produce ceramic ware.