of Ethnic Group:
San Diu (San Deo, Trai, Trai Dat, and "Man Quan Coc" (Man
Population: About 95,000 people.
Locality: The San Diu live in the midlands
of Quang Ninh, Hai Hung, Ha Bac, Vinh Phu, Bac Thai, and Tuyen Quang
Customs and Habits: The San Diu house is built level
with the ground. The roof is usually covered with thatch or tile, the
walls are built of bricks, and the houses are clustered closely together
in each village. The husband (father) is the head of the family. The
children take the family name of the father and only sons have the right
of inheritance. The parents also decide when their children should marry.
funeral ceremony of the San Diu has many rites. The San Diu worship
their ancestors and the God of the Kitchen. They hold many annual ceremonies
usually before crop planting, after crop planting, after the new rice
matures, and when they need to pray for rain.
Culture: The San Diu language belongs to the Han Group.
The San Diu sing alternating songs (soong co) during cultural activities
and at festivals. They have many musical instruments such as horns,
clarinets, drums, flutes, cymbals, and castanets. They also like to
play many games such as walking on sticks, a game involving sticks,
badminton in the San Diu way, and tug-of-war.
Costumes: The San Diu have gradually adopted
the Kinh style of dress.
Economy: The San Diu engage in rice farming practices
through submerging their fields, animal and forest exploitation, fishing,
fish breeding, tile and brick making, blacksmithing, and basketry. The
San Diu also manufacture the no-wheel "quet" cart drawn by
a buffalo to transport goods.