Name of Ethnic Group: Pa Then
(Pa Hung and Tong).
Population: About 3,700
in communes of Ha Giang and Tuyen Quang Provinces.
Customs and Habits: Pa Then
houses are built either on stilts, level with the ground, or half on
stilts and half on the earth. Marriage is strictly forbidden within
the same lineage. According to customs, after marriage the husband lives
with his wife's family for a certain amount of time. If the wife has
no sons, the husband will live with his wife's family forever, and he
has to worship the spirits of his wife's family. Half of the children
take the family name of their father, and the rest takes the family
name of their mother.The Pa Then worship their ancestors at home. They
worship the spirits of the soil and the new rice crop, pray for the
rain, and worship the souls of the dead.
Culture: The Pa Then language belongs
to the Mong-Dao Group. The Pa Then have managed to preserve a rich heritage
of folk culture through legends, folk songs, lullabies, and dances.
They also have a lot of musical instruments such as panpipes, string
instruments called the "tay nhay", and bamboo flutes.
Costumes: The Pa Then
costumes look very colourful. Men wear shirts, long indigo trousers,
and cover themselves with a long scarf. Women wear long skirts, a bra
and a shirt. They like to wear their hair wound up in a turban which
is trimmed with colourful motifs.
Economy: The Pa Then
live mainly on slash-and-burn cultivation. Rice and corn are their food