Name of Ethnic Group: Lu (Nhuon and
Population: About 3,700
Locality: Phong Tho and
Sin Ho Districts of Lai Chau Province.
Customs and Habits: The Lu practice
Buddhism. After their dead is buried, the family hold a rite which brings
the dead's soul to the pagoda. The Lu live in houses built on stilts
with two roofs and the entrance to their homes faces the northwest.
Young men and women are free to choose their partners. Their parents'
approval must be sought first, however, before the marriage can take
place. The couple must then consult a fortune-teller for an age examination.
If the fortune-teller finds that the ages of the couple are compatible,
they can then prepare for marriage. The children take the father's family
name after birth. Boys have a common middlename, "Ba", and
girls, "Y". The Lu are a very friendly and faithful group
of people. Divorce rarely takes place in Lu society.
The Lu enjoy eating sticky rice with chilly and drinking tea.
Culture: The Lu language
belongs to the Tay-Thai Group. The Lu like to sing "khap"
(song verses), tell old stories, proverbs, recite poems, play flutes,
two-string violins, and drums.
Costumes: Lu men wear
trousers and women wear skirts. Their garments are decorated with colourful
motifs on dark indigo cloths.
Economy: The Lu have
been engaged in farming for a long time. The Lu also utilize slash-and-burn
land to grow corn, cassava, groundnut, indigo, and cotton.