Name of Ethnic Group: Lo Lo (Mun
Di, 0 Man, and Lac To).
Population: More than
Locality: Dong Van
and Meo Vac Districts of Ha Giang Province, Bao Lac District of Cao
Bang Province and Muong Khuong District of Lao Cai Province.
Customs and Habits: The Lo Lo
mainly worship their ancestors. Their villages are located on mountain
slopes close to sources of water. They live in grouped villages, each
village having 20 to 25 houses. These houses are built either on stilts,
half on stilts and half on the ground, or level with the ground.
People of the same lineage live in the same village. The leader
of the lineage is called the "Thau Chu". This leader is responsible
for ritual ceremonies and the preservation of the customs of that lineage.The
Lo Lo practice monogamy and the wife comes to live in her husband's
house after marriage.
The Lo Lo use bronze drums for special occasions, but bury these
drums in the earth for maintenance, and unearth them only for usage.
The head of each family lineage is the keeper of the bronze drums. These
drums are only used at funerals or to keep time during dances.
Culture: The Lo Lo
language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman Group. Their written language
used pictographic scripts which are no longer in use. The calendar of
the Lo Lo divides the year into 11 months, each corresponding to the
name of an animal.
The folklore culture of the Lo Lo is diverse. It is expressed particularly
well in dances, songs, and old tales. The Lo Lo people have a high level
of education, as many are university graduates or they have finished
Costumes: The Lo Lo
Hoa women often wear a lowneck vest and a pair of trousers underneath
a short skirt. Lo Lo Den men wear pajama-style trousers and a squarenecked
vest pulled over their heads. Colourful designs are incorporated into
their turbans, vests, skirts, and trousers.
Economy: The Lo Lo
depend mainly on maize and rice as forms of income generation.