of Ethnic Group:
Giay (Nhang, Dang, Pau Thin, Pu Na, Cui Chu and Xa).
Population: About 38,000 people.
Locality: Lao Cai,
Ha Giang, Lai Chau, and Cao Bang Provinces.
Customs and Habits: The Giay worship not only their
ancestors but also the genies of the heaven, the earth, and the kitchen,
including the Goddess of Childbirth. The Giay villages are very crowded,
containing hundreds of households. Houses are built on stilts or on
level ground. The central bay of the house serves as a place for receiving
guests and for the ancestor altar.
customs rule Giay families. The children take on the family name of
their father. The family of a young man usually seeks a marriage for
their son. During pregnancy, Giay women must obey certain taboos
and a special altar is set up for the delivery.
Culture: Giay language
belongs to the Tay-Thai Group. The cultural heritage of the Giay is
rich including many ancient tales, poems, proverbs, puzzles, and alternating
Costumes: Men wear
trousers, short vests and wind a turban around their heads. Women wear
a five-paneled vest open at the side, which buttons under the right
armpit, and trousers. They wear their hair wound around their head or
wind it in a turban.
Economy: The Giay
practice rice cultivation in submerged fields and rear animals to provides
for additional income. The Giay also rear plenty of horses as pack animals
and for transport.