of Ethnic Group:
Gia Rai (Gio-Rai, To Buan, Hobau, Hdrung and Chor).
Population: About 24,000 people.
Locality: Concentrated in Gia Lai Province,
parts of Kon Tum Province and northern Dac Lac Province.
Customs and Habits: The Gia Rai believe in the existence
of Giang (Genies) and hold many rituals connected to their genies.They
live in separate villages called ploi or bon. Houses are built on stilts.
The village chief and the elders have great prestige in Gia Rai society
and play a role in running collective activities. Each village has a
communal house called a rong.
matriarchal system has been adopted. Woman are free to choose their
lovers and decide who they marry. The husband lives with his wife's
family and has no rights to inheritance. The daughter, after marriage,
no longer lives with her parents and inherits from them. The children
take the family name of the mother.
Culture: Gia Rai language belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian
Group. Long epics and old tales such as "Dam Di Di San" (Dam
Di Goes Hunting) and "Xinh Nha" are very popular in Gia Rai
society. Musical instruments include gongs, T'rung, To-Nung, and Krong-Put.
Costumes: The Gia Rai garments resemble Tay
Economy: The Gia Rai live on slash-and-burn
cultivation and terraced fields. Rice is their staple food. They also
breed elephants. The men are very skillful in basketry, and the women
in cloth weaving. Hunting, gathering, and fishing are other sideline