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15th ANNIVERSARY OF HEDO FOUNDATION

UNDCP Country Office - Vietnam
British Embassy in Hanoi
Huron University - London
The British Council Vietnam
WWF Indochina Programme
Vietnamese Students in Huron University London

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Name of Ethnic Group: Dao ("Dao Quan Trang" (Dao with white trousers), "Dao Quan Chet" (Dao with tight trousers), "Dao Tien" (Dao with coins), "Dao Thanh Y" (Dao with blue dress), "Dao Do" (Red Dao), Man, Dong, Trai, Xa, Diu Mien, Lim Mien, Lu Giang, Lan Ten, Dai Ban, Tieu Ban, Col Ngang, Col Mua and Son Dau).

Population: Over 470,000 people.Dao people

Locality: The Dao live along the Sino-Vietnamese and Vietnamese-Lao borders and in some midland provinces and provinces along the coastline of northern Vietnam.

Dao cultureCustoms and Habits: The Dao worship their ancestors called Ban Ho. The houses are built either on stilts, level with the ground, or half on stilts and half on beaten earth. Two forms of matrilocals exist, a temporary matrilocal and permanent matrilocal. Their funerals reflect many ancient customs. In some regions, dead people from 12 years old and older are cremated.

Culture: Dao language belongs to the Mong-Dao Group. The Dao have long used Chinese writings (but pronounced in the Dao way) called Nom Dao (Dao Demotic Script).

Costumes: The attire of the Dao men  consists of trousers and short vests. Women's attire is more diversified and is often decorated with many traditional motifs.

Economy: The Dao mainly live off of rice cultivation and by growing subsidiary crops. Sideline occupations include weaving, carpentry, blacksmithing, papermaking and vegetable oil production.|

 


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