of Ethnic Group:
Dao ("Dao Quan Trang" (Dao with white trousers), "Dao
Quan Chet" (Dao with tight trousers), "Dao Tien" (Dao
with coins), "Dao Thanh Y" (Dao with blue dress), "Dao
Do" (Red Dao), Man, Dong, Trai, Xa, Diu Mien, Lim Mien, Lu Giang,
Lan Ten, Dai Ban, Tieu Ban, Col Ngang, Col Mua and Son Dau).
Population: Over 470,000 people.
Locality: The Dao live along the Sino-Vietnamese
and Vietnamese-Lao borders and in some midland provinces and provinces
along the coastline of northern Vietnam.
Customs and Habits: The Dao worship their ancestors
called Ban Ho. The houses are built either on stilts, level with the
ground, or half on stilts and half on beaten earth. Two forms of matrilocals
exist, a temporary matrilocal and permanent matrilocal. Their funerals
reflect many ancient customs. In some regions, dead people from 12 years
old and older are cremated.
Culture: Dao language belongs to the Mong-Dao Group.
The Dao have long used Chinese writings (but pronounced in the Dao way)
called Nom Dao (Dao Demotic Script).
Costumes: The attire of the Dao men
consists of trousers and short vests. Women's attire is more diversified
and is often decorated with many traditional motifs.
Economy: The Dao mainly live off
of rice cultivation and by growing subsidiary crops. Sideline occupations
include weaving, carpentry, blacksmithing, papermaking and vegetable