of Ethnic Group:
Cham (Cham, Chiem Thanh, and Hroi).
Population: About 99,000 people.
Locality: Concentrated populations live in
the provinces of Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan. The Cham also live in An
Giang, Tay Ninh, Dong Nai, and Ho Chi Minh City.
Customs and Habits: The Cham follow Islam and Brahmanism.
Brahmanism's doctrines draw about three-fifths of the Cham population
in Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan Provinces.
Matriarchy still exists in Cham society as daughters carry the family
name of their mothers. A woman's family marries the groom for their
daughter. After marriage, the groom comes to live with his wife's household.
The right of inheritance is reserved for daughters only. The youngest
daughter, however, must care for her aging parents.
Culture: The Cham language belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian
Group. These people enjoy singing and dancing. Cham dances are well-known
through the nation.
Economy: The main economic activity of the Cham is rice
farming in submerged fields. Pottery making and cotton cloth weaving
are two other sideline occupations.