of Ethnic Group: Bru-Van Kieu (Tri, Khua, and Ma-Coong).
Population: More than 40,000 people.
Locality: The mountain
regions of Quang Binh, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien-Hue Provinces.
Customs and Habits: The Bru-Van
Kieu live in small houses on stilts. These villages are usually located
near rivers or streams and are always arranged along the water current
flows. The houses are arranged in circles around a communal house on
flat and expansive terrain. Young Bru-Van Kieu men and women are free
to choose their partners. The maternal uncle says the last words at
marriage or burial ceremonies for his nephews and nieces. He also has
the decision power in house construction. Ancestor worship is the most
common religious activity. Also, the Bru-Van Kieu pay veneration to
sacred objects such as a sword or a fragment of a bowl, and they especially
worship fire and kitchen deities.
Culture: The Bru-Van
Kieu language belongs to the Mon-Khmer culture. The Bru-Van Kieu love
creative arts and maintain a rich treasury of traditional art and culture.
They possess numerous musical instruments such as drums, castanets,
knob gongs, wind instruments, and string zithers (including the a-chung
and po-kua). Folk singing is popular as is cha chap (sung stories),
and sim, an alternating chant between young men and women. Folksongs,
proverbs, and old tales make up the rich culture of the Bru-Van Kieu.
Costumes: Both men
and women wear Tay Nguyen like costumes.
Economy: The Bru-Van Kieu live on
rice cultivation, through slash and burn agriculture and submerging
their fields. They also hunt, fish and rear cattle. Basketry and palm
mat-making are their sideline occupations.